Building/Becoming a Superhero

We’ve pulled a few threads from the script, weaving together the elements that lead Tramarion and Flat Joe towards the creation of the Maasai Angel, and Sabrina towards becoming the superhero of her own story.

(p.9) TRAMARION: I don’t know where I put my lucky T-shirt — (She holds up his worn-out lucky T-shirt, freshly laundered.) How’d you do that?


ESP (Extra-Sensory Perception): The psychic powers of telepathy, precognition, clairvoyance. A person who possesses ESP is called an esper. The spy organization SHIELD has employed an Esper Division.

— from the Marvel Fandom Wiki Glossary

(p.11) TRAMARION: Thoughts become things, Ma.

SABRINA: Is that what Coach Brackett says?

Elements of ESP…
Psionic Constructs: Avid usage of the psychic planes energies allows a user to construct mental energy into various shapes and forms be they weapons or otherwise. Because of the nature of said energy the psi forms are purely ethereal having no physical sway, but that doesn’t make them any less effective offense wise.

— from the Marvel Fandom Wiki Glossary

(p.20) TRAMARION: You think I’m playing, but I swear my mom’s got cameras hidden around here.

FLAT JOE: Sometimes, my Aunt Louise be saying that she has eyes in the back of her head. But your mama? Man, she’s got E-S-P or somethin’ for real. Like, for real.

(p.27) TRAMARION: (He grabs the comic, flips through the pages. He erases a line of text and writes) “I am the Maasai Angel. I stand up for those people society throws away. Or…I don’t.” (He tosses the comic in the box marked TRASH.)

(p.44) FLAT JOE: If you got powers, you don’t really have to do anything. You ain’t gotta fight crime if you don’t want to. you don’t gotta deal with people’s problems.

TRAMARION: Doctor Manhattan.

FLAT JOE: Word. He split. He was like, “I could save the world, but humans are stupid. So I’m just gonna be naked all the time on my own planet.”

TRAMARION: The naked part was kinda weird.

FLAT JOE: If you’re that powerful and you choose to help instead of run away…That’s admirable. You don’t abandon people. You don’t leave. You use your power to help all the people.”

(p.51) LADY VULTURE: “Superhero” might be generous. We don’t even know yet if [the Maasai Angel] has any real powers.”

(p.42) TRAMARION: I think she needs a superpower.

(p.64) DEEP THINKER: […] I’m all about that mind. The subconscious. See, your thoughts become… things? I think. Is that right?

MAASAI ANGEL: Things. Your thoughts become things. What’s wrong with you?

Elements of ESP…
Telepathic Control & Manipulation: The ability to manipulate other people’s minds achieving a variety of effects up to and including mind control.

— from the Marvel Fandom Wiki Glossary

(p.70) TRAMARION: Can we give Maasai Angel powers or not?

FLAT JOE: Nah. Not super powers. Just one. Power. Singular. And I know exactly what it should be.

(p.73) DEATH TAP: How’d you do that? You ain’t got powers.

MAASAI ANGEL: Just one. Power. Singular. E-S-P.
(She tosses the guns to the ground.)
Or it was just the one. But I chose what I wanted to do with it. And what I wanted to do, was expand it. Not only do I have precognition of your every move, I can control objects, too. Comes in handy, dontcha think? Cuz now, I can stop a bullet.

Elements of ESP…
Precognition: The ability to foresee events before they’ve come to pass.
Psychic Wave Manipulation: The ability to generate and manipulate thought waves. The user can manipulate their thought waves and utilize them either in a telepathic manner or materialize the waves into powerful energy for physical purposes; further compression of such psychic waves could become physical matter. It can create a barrier composed of compressed waves, materialized waves into appendages to manipulate objects and project mind waves into whatever is imagined.

— from the Marvel Fandom Wiki Glossary

(p.88) TRAMARION: You get to decide how you’ll use your power. But you have to be in the real world to do it.

These Mothers Who Lost Sons to Police Violence Tell Protesters to ‘Keep Up the Fight’ by Melissa Chan, Time Magazine, June 3, 2020. PHOTO: Gwen Carr, mother of Eric Garner, joins others during a news conference on May 21, 2019 in New York City. [Spencer Platt—Getty Images].

Black History Trivia Bowl

Yesterday we dropped a post about Know Your Heritage, and we wanted to offer some more resources for how Black History Trivia Bowl’s nationwide events feel, look, and sound. Check out the video clips below, as well as sample question sets.

After a pandemic-forced break, Kennesaw Teen Center returned to live in-person competition in January 2022.

The Black History Bowl is a fun, competitive and educational event for middle school students. Teams will have an opportunity to compete in three rounds of competition that begin on January 15 , 2022 and end with the Championship Series on February 5, 2022. Teams compete by answering a variety of black history-related questions in science, the arts, education, sports, entertainment, civil rights, politics and more in a fast-paced game show format. The Bowl seeks to raise and deepen the awareness of the vital role played by African-Americans in the rich history of our country.
87,000 students invited to participate
• All schools, churches and youth groups are eligible.
• Competition division: Middle school aged (grades 6-8),
• Teams composed of a minimum of four players and a maximum of six players, with two advisers.

KTC’s 2019 Black History Bowl Champions from Thankful Baptist Church


Study Questions

Here’s a selection of study questions for 2011-2021 Black History Bowl competitions.
To see the full 27 page document, click here.

Click to enlarge! ⬇️

2021 Virtual Quiz Bowl

In March 2021, the Washington DC Friendship Public Charter School hosted their Black History Month Quiz Bowl. Check out the video, below!

Evocative Artworks pt 3: Sabrina & Lena

The paintings below, all by contemporary Black artists, remind us deeply of Sabrina and Lena. We’re especially responding to the ways that these large scale portraits elevate their subjects, reminding us of the significance of everyday people’s lives — especially the lives of Black women — much the same way that Inda does throughout the play.

The works below are from the artists Kehinde Wiley, Wangari Mathenge, Amoako Boafo.




Know! Your! Heritage!

Middle school and high school quiz bowls are common across the country. Here in Boston, WGBH has produced and aired the popular High School Quiz Show for the past 13 seasons — an academic general-topics competition which is, in many ways, typical of the form. But the Know Your Heritage quiz bowl featured in Black Super Hero Magic Mama is specific to the version that existed for decades in Chicago, focused primarily on African American history.

Know Your Heritage

Here’s how Know Your Heritage works…

Two teams consisting of four students (each team from one high school in Chicago) competed in a yearly tournament to win $1,000 college scholarships as well as trips to Walt Disney World as rewards for their knowledge of black history.

Questions were presented in multiple choice format with four possible answers, with point values in varying amounts. The team that rang in first would have the chance to answer it and had to give the letter and answer; giving the letter alone was not acceptable.

The questions ranged from primarily ethnic history, with a few grab-bag categories thrown in.

Next was the huddle up round where a question was asked and up to 10 answers were shown and the teams would have one minute to pick which of the answers were correct and were awarded based on number of correct guesses.

The final round consisted of how many points each team was willing to wager. They would do so during the second-to-last commercial break. One player from each team would walk up to the host’s podium and the question was presented. They would have a time limit in which to put the answer down; when time expired, both players would close their notebooks (laptops in newer episodes).

This series is broken into different sections like most quiz bowls:

• “Chicago Challenge” (Introduced 2008) – All the high schools competed in 10 minute intervals, usually two matches per episode, until 16 teams remained.
• “Chicago Survivors” – The 16 high schools competed against each other until eight were left.
• “Chicago’s Elite” – Quarterfinals match, in which the remaining eight competed until four winning teams were left.
• “Chicago’s Noble Four” – Semifinals match, where the two winning teams advanced to the finals.
• “Who’s Who in Chicago” – The finals round where the two winning teams competed for the grand prize stated above.
• Special “All Star” episodes aired at the end of each season. Versions included the losing two teams from the final four, students versus faculty from the high school of the winning team, or two teams of Chicago celebrities.

^ 2011 episode of Know Your Heritage
^ 2007 episode of Know Your Heritage


Check out more about the history and structure of Boston’s High School Quiz show on the “about” section of their Facebook page, and see past episodes on their YouTube channel.

Evocative Artworks pt 2: More Betye Saar

Continuing from our previous post about the works of Betye Saar, we wanted to share a few more powerful pieces.

“The Long Memory”

“The Long Memory” by Betye Saar, 1998.
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. ©️ 1998 Betye Saar courtesy of Michael Rosenfeld Gallery LLC, NYC

“Slipping From Paradise”

“Slipping From Paradise,” a large-scale hand-made paper piece combines Saar’s interest in the process of hand-made paper and the iconography of the occult. Such universal symbols as lightening, the crescent moon, the planet Saturn, a snake, an open palm, and the four card suits are depicted in vivid colors. – Curatorial notes from Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts

“Slipping From Paradise” by Betye Saar, 1986.
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. ©️ 1986 Betye Saar courtesy of Michael Rosenfeld Gallery LLC, NYC

Two views of “Guardian of Desires” — Verso and Front, 1988

One of Saar’s altar structures, in this piece “a strangely ominous figure stands [on the front], mummified with a half cat, half skull face. The background is made from a circuit board that resembles the night sky with stars and a variety of constellations. Yet, despite the works apparent whimsy, it is also dark and mysterious. Like many of Saar’s works, “Guardian of Desires” can be viewed from the front or the back; the rear of the sculpture revealing a more sinister narrative with small silver body parts hanging like limbs from the trees. There is an obvious association with the lynching of young black men in the South, yet there is also a deeply spiritual sensibility at work here as these shapes, as with the human souls lost during that horrendous and bloody time in our human history, are fortified through loss which is emblematic in the tarnishing of the silver.” —

“Guardian of Desires” Verso, by Betye Saar, 1998. Part of the 2020 online exhibition, MIT and the Spiritual Component of Technology, via Roberts Projects LA
“Guardian of Desires” Front, by Betye Saar, 1998. Part of the 2020 online exhibition, MIT and the Spiritual Component of Technology, via Roberts Projects LA

Evocative Artworks pt 1: Betye Saar

We’re really digging works by contemporary artists — like the performance of Grief Objects from last week — and have been exploring resonances between various artworks’ subjects and the characters within the play. The dramaturgy team will be sharing images in a series of posts as a way to continue to provide new pathways into the emotional topography of the play and its story. Enjoy!

* * *

In the rehearsal room, we’ve been thinking a lot about ancestral knowledge/blood memory as a counter to ancestral trauma. Our conversations brought the work of Betye Saar to mind, especially her 1969 assemblage “Black Girl’s Window” (see below).

Artist Jasmine Weber writes in the online journal Hyperallergic: “‘Black Girl’s Window,’ Saar says, is a self-portrait. ‘It tells about my past, present, and future,’ she explains. ‘Inside of each pane, I put something that I felt had to do with my life. Her complicated thoughts about destiny, fate, and the internal conflict of her Black and white ancestry are imbued in the imagery behind the black silhouette.”

Betye Saar, “Black Girl’s Window” (1969), Wooden window frame with paint, cut-and-pasted printed and painted papers, daguerreotype, lenticular print, and plastic figurine, 35 3/4 × 18 × 1 1/2″ (the Museum of Modern Art, New York.) © 2019 Betye Saar, courtesy the artist and Roberts Projects, Los Angeles. Digital Image © 2018 the Museum of Modern Art, New York, photo by Rob Gerhardt)

On the occasion of Saar’s retrospective at MOMA in late 2019, Weber/Hyperallergic returned to the topic. Weber notes, of the currently-95-year-old artist (emphasis mine):

Saar has been equal parts philosophical, mystical, and political since the nascence of her artistic career. At 40 years old, Saar began her foray into assemblage — the aggregation of objects into the shrine, totems, and sculptures that she is best known for — after a visit to the Pasadena Art Museum (now the Norton Simon Museum), where she first encountered the sculptures of Joseph Cornell. His artworks […] piece together paper, found objects, and gems into surreal cornucopias.

Already studied in design and graphics, Saar soon began to fasten her own fantastical dioramas in picture and window frames. She treated them as open portals into which she could build new, dimensional worlds out of objects with personal, spiritual, and historical charge. Saar finds great inspiration in her heritage, embedding tokens of her Black, Irish, and Native American ancestry alongside symbols of astrology and mysticism (the artist’s astrological sign, Leo, appears consistently throughout the exhibition), metaphysically juxtaposing the inner and the outer self, the earthly and the celestial.

A definitive presence in Saar’s work is the legacy of antiblackness; she names the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. as the stimulus for her political artworks.

About this particular artwork, Jasmine Weber continues:

Framed by a worn wooden window, nine small boxes create stages for nine small scenes: two young Black children embracing; stars and moons; an aged daguerreotype of Saar’s maternal grandmother; a lion. The silhouette of a woman with a close-cropped afro, a stand-in for Saar, peers out of a whispy curtain. Her eyes, made of a lenticular, shift and blink, oscillating between intimate and external. It’s all in the eyes; the shifting, gazing, reflecting eyes.

It’s tempting to not snap the window’s latch and let it all out; it hums with energy. This is an artwork that’s living. It has a soul in the most literal sense — each of Saar’s assemblages carries a bit of her. Many Black women, myself included, can see themselves in this work.